SUNDAY 11 March AT 2.30PM,

Johann Sebastian Bach

French Suite No 5 in G, BWV816

Allemande - Courante - Sarabande

Gavotte - Bourrée - Loure - Gigue
The six French Suites of J S Bach differ from his other suites in that they have no introductory prelude. The Name "French Suites" was added later and there seems little to justify this title, unless it is that they are more brief and elegant than the more extended English Suites and Partitas. Bach follows the traditional pattern of stylised dances - the Allemande is graceful and flowing, the Courante lively and rhythmic, the Sarabande stately and measured. Between the Sarabande and Gigue were traditionally one or two movements of the composer's choice; here Bach uses a Gavotte and a Bourrée, both lively, and then, unusually, adds the seldom used Loure, a slow dignified dance in 6/4 time, which serves here as a perfect contrast before the jollity of the final Gigue.
Ludwig Van Beethoven

Sonata in E, Optus 109

Vivace ma non troppo - Adagio espressivo


Andante, molto cantabile ed espressivo
Beethoven's three last piano sonatas are vastly contrasted works which share one unifying characteristic - a profound spiritual depth. Opus 109, published in 1821, is the first of the three and has been described as a work of unique lyrical loveliness. The first movement is one of Beethoven's most original and unconventional. It is brief and alternates between two themes, one lively and the other more restrained. The restless Prestissimo second movement, in the moinor key, is filled with passion and energy. The theme of the final movement is a gloriously simple melody which passes through six variations of far-reaching beauty, returning at the end to bring the sonata to a movingly quiet conclusion.
Johannes Brahms

Variations on an Original Theme, Opus 21. No 1

Poco larghetto

Opus 21, No 1, written in 1856 and first performed by Clara Schumann, is based on Brahams' own theme, an unusally constructed melody consisting of two 9-bar phrases. The technique which Brahms employs here is also unusual in that instead of following the Viennese tradition of embellishing and elaborating on the melody, Brahms uses the harmony as the main basis of his variations. The first seven variations do not stray far from the rather restrained mood of the theme, but the tension builds through Variations 8,9 and 10, returning to the original tempo in the final and more extended Variation 11. Here the melody soars over a shimmering bass of trills and rapid broken chords, subsiding gradually into a peaceful ending.
Frédéric Chopin

Three Mazurkas, Opus 59




Chopin's 57 Mazurkas, written between 1824 and 1849, offer an insight into the composer's evolving style throughout his composing life. The Mazurka is a Polish national dance in triple time, with frequent use of dotted rhythms and accentuation of the second beat. In Chopin's hands these dance miniatures are exquisitely refined; there is great diversity of mood and tempo, with use of exotic chromaticisms and modal scales. The three Opus 59 Mazurkas, written in 1845, vary considerably in mood. The first, in A Minor, is a rather wistful sustained song, the second in Ab Major is more dance-like in character, while the third, alternating between F# Minor and F# Major, is fast and nimble.
Ferruccio Busoni


Transcribed from J S Bach's Violin Partita No 2 in D Minor (BWV 1004)

Busoni, renowned as a virtuoso pianist and composer in his lifetime, was fascinated by the art of transcription. He published several volumes of transcriptions of other composers' works, the best known of which is probably Bach's famous Chaconne, the final movement from the second Violin Partita. The Chaconne consists of a 4-bar theme with 32 variations - a work which presents an enormous technical challenge to violinists in its oringinal form. Busoni, for all his profusion, was precise in judgement, and kept within certain bounds prescribed by the original notes and by Bach's intentions. Using a wealth of virtuoso pianistic devices, Bach's original piece for solo violin is transformed into an orchestral world of sound.

The Waikanae Music Society gratefully acknowledges
the support of the Lion Foundation,
The NZ Community Trust and the Waikanae Community Board.